Women’s Enslavement in Islamic Iran, vs. “Great Satan” America
The Islamic Republic of Iran’s mullah kleptocrats call the United States government “The Great Satan” and have repeatedly chanted “Death to America.” But what should outrage American feminists in particular among Americans is the Islamic regime kleptocrats’ attitude toward women, including toward American women feminists.
Women in Iran were granted the right to vote in 1962 under the Shah Pahlavi dynasty, in a ruling comparable to one by which Switzerland granted rights to its women in 1971. This improvement in the legal rights of women in Iran came by way of the Shah’s White Revolution (also known as the Shah and People’s’ Revolution).
As part of that movement, a law enacted by Shah Mohammad Reza ended extrajudicial divorce and restricted polygamy. The law also raised the minimum age of marriage for girls from 13-15 up to 18. In response, the leading Islamic Shiite cleric, Ayatollah Khomeini, convened a meeting in the city of Qom to protest the Shah’s granting of such rights to Iran’s women. The Islamic objection was then sent to the Shah by telegraph.
But then, all Iranian women’s hopes for liberty vanished into thin air, when Ayatollah Khomeini took power of the Iranian state in 1979. Women still held on to the right to vote, but under the new Islamic regime they lost many of their other rights. Women became forced to live as second-class citizens in Iran, by the mullahs’ unequal and medieval Islamic rules, where men are legally entitled to have controlling status of “guardianship” over all of the big decisions of women’s lives.
And so today, Iran’s rate of women working in the labor force is a mere 16%, 49% lower than men, says the state-run media source, ISNA. The percentage rate of women in the Islamic Consultative Assembly (Parliament) is only 5%, while the world’s average is more than 25% female representation. One million and 800 thousand women in Iran are illiterate. The women’s illiteracy in some provinces reaches as high as 30%.
Before the Islamic takeover of Iran, the country experienced six decades of granting rights to women. But now, the women in Iran face harsh difficulties that earlier generations did not have to endure. Only about three million and 500 thousand women are among the 22 million people employed in Iran, according to the Iran Statistics Center reports in 2017. Most of the people who commit suicide are women. More than 10% of the students deprived of education are girls between 6 and 17 years old, ISNA declared on October 2014. At least 50% of girls in the marginalized areas across Iran are deprived of education, the deputy minister of education said in 2017.
Today in Iran, many official laws are enforced against women, such as:
- According to Iran’s Civil Code, girls need their father’s consent, if they want to marry. It means that there is no marriage choice for the girl if the father withholds his consent. Further, the father can force his 13-year-old daughter into any marriage he wishes.
- Women are not considered as the head of family in any social or legal sense. A mother’s young son can effectively be her “guardian.”
- According to the current laws in Iran, men can divorce their wives easily, at will. But women have extreme difficulty obtaining a divorce for almost any reason. And in the attempt, they must file a long list of evidence to prove that the man is not fitting to continue with her wedlock.
- Women have no rights to custody of their children. A mother can care for her children while those children remain living in her household, but the decision about whether to place the children in any other household apart from the mother rests with the male guardian. A mother cannot take guardianship of her children even in the case of death or absence of the father. In such a case, the rights of custody over her children will be given to the paternal grandfather, or uncle, or the next closest living male relative in the husband’s family.
- Women have the right to keep their children (while the children are under 7 years old) after divorce, but they will lose that custody if they remarry before the children reach age seven.
- Based on Iran’s Islamic law, men can have up to four permanent wives at the same time, and an unlimited number of “temporary” wives. In contrast, married women may only have one husband at a time. And a woman would be sentenced to the death penalty for adultery if she were ever caught, or even accused to be, in a partnership with another man.
- By the laws in Iran, children’s citizenship is under their Iranian father’s nationality, instead of the mother’s. So, Iranian women cannot get Iranian ID cards for their children if they marry foreigners.
- Women lose their rights to education after marriage, except by the consent of the husband. The husband has the right to ban his wife from taking any job if he wishes. The husband has the right to seek a court order on grounds of conjugal disobedience, if he does not want his wife working in a different city. He simply asks the court to end her employment, or he may demand court permission to marry another woman.
- No woman has the right to become president in Iran, according to the laws that dictate only men (Rejal) to chair the high-ranked official seats.
- Women’s “blood money” (compensation for a death—Diyyah in Persian and Arabic) is set at half of the men. In a car accident, the cost of blood money that women receive as compensation is half of the compensation for even a deceased male embryo, if a woman were pregnant.
- Women receive 50% less than their brothers from an inheritance, if their father or mother passes away. Based on this rule, if a husband passes away, the female heirs receive 50% less than their male siblings, or the husband’s father.
- Women’s testimony as witnesses at court is counted as half of the testimony by men. And, no women can become a judge in Iran under the regime’s Islamic laws. They can only rise high enough to play a role as advisor of a male judge, even if they have a law degree; or, they can work as an investigation judge, but without the rights to issue any verdict.
- Women have no rights to obtain a travel passport without their husband’s or father’s permission; and, their husband or father can confiscate the women’s passports, to prevent any females under their guardianship from traveling abroad.
So as the mullahs of Islamic Iran chant murderous disdain for America, while legally enslaving Iranian women as property under Islamic Law, how do American women fare, in contrast?
The 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution guarantees all American women the right to vote. It was passed by Congress nearly a century ago, on June 4, 1919, and was ratified on August 18, 1920.
Not only do women in America vote on an equal basis with men, but they increasingly get elected to all levels of political office in America. Over the past half century or so, Pew Research Center data proves that the rate of women in elective office has been rising in America at a remarkably steady pace across the political landscape, with no sign of slowing. In addition, the same trend shows women taking charge in cabinet level positions in presidential administrations across both parties, becoming Fortune 500 company CEOs, board members and other executives, and university presidents, to name a few areas of high-ranking inclusion.
Recent data compiled by the Inter-Parliamentary Union ranked 193 countries of the world by descending order of the percentage of women in the lower or single House. The United States came in at a respectable upper-middle rank of 76, with almost a quarter of each of its two bodies of Congress containing elected women as representatives.
But where does Islamic Iran fall on that chart? You can find it way down near the bottom at number 178 of 193 countries, in company with many of the other Islamic states that are the stuff of women’s nightmares. So the next time American feminists hear the mullahs’ chants of “Death to America,” they might want to ponder where that outcome would lead for American women. They should consider what will be the lost feminist rights and freedoms in the future lives of their daughters and granddaughters, if the Islamic Movement ever takes control here, as it so abruptly did in Iran four decades ago.