The Boycott Divestment and Sanctions movement (BDS) is the modern version of anti-Semitic boycotts that began long before Israel was even a country. The Nazis, the anti-Semitic leaders of the Soviet Union, and even the Romans organized boycotts of Jews. An official Arab, organized boycott of the Jewish community in the area that is now Israel started as early as 1922, more than 25 years before the establishment of a Jewish state. The Arab boycott officially targeted the country of Israel when it was founded in 1948 with the goal of isolating the Jewish state from the international community. The modern name for these boycotts is “BDS” with the avowed goal according to its founder, of the elimination of the Jewish state. BDS exists across the United States and Europe and has led to a dramatic rise in anti-Semitism.